The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project will be inaugurated in Herat, Afghanistan today. Here are five things you need to know:
- The 1,814 kilometer (1,127 miles) gas pipeline will transport 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India per year. About 735 km (456 miles) of the pipeline will go through southern Afghanistan.
- The gas pipeline will go through Herat, Farah, Helmand, Kandahar and Nimroz provinces of Afghanistan.
- TAPI will provide Afghanistan 0.5–1.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year over the next 30 years. (It takes about 2,700 cubic meters of natural gas to heat an average size home for one year.)
- The Asia Development Bank is funding TAPI. It will cost $10 billion to complete the historic project. Afghanistan is expected to earn around $500 million in transit fees annually from the project.
- The project is expected to create 25,000 jobs for Afghans. The construction of Afghanistan’s section of the pipeline will begin this week.
Bonus: The original idea of this gas pipeline goes back to the 1990s when it was the brainchild of Union Oil Company of California (Unocal). In 2005, Unocal merged with the Chevron Corporation.